Quick Answer: What Is A Cataphoric Reference?

What is cataphora and examples?

Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora.

An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep..

What is the difference between Anaphoric and Cataphoric reference?

Anaphoric reference means that a word in a text refers back to other ideas in the text for its meaning. It can be compared with cataphoric reference, which means a word refers to ideas later in the text. ‘I went out with Jo on Sunday.

What is Endophoric reference?

“Endophoric” reference is a more general term that includes both anaphoric and cataphoric reference. So it refers to something inside the text, either earlier (anaphoric) or later (cataphoric). So any of the examples above of anaphoric and cataphoric reference are also examples of endophoric reference.

What does Exophoric mean?

(ˌɛksəʊˈfɒrɪk) adj. (Grammar) grammar denoting or relating to a pronoun such as “I” or “you”, the meaning of which is determined by reference outside the discourse rather than by a preceding or following expression.

What is anaphora in pragmatics?

Anaphora is the phenomenon whereby one linguistic element, lacking clear. independent reference, can pick up reference through connection with. another linguistic element. Stated thus it is obvious that anaphora is perhaps. primarily a semantic and pragmatic matter – and especially a pragmatic.

What is anaphora and cataphora?

In a narrower sense, anaphora is the use of an expression that depends specifically upon an antecedent expression and thus is contrasted with cataphora, which is the use of an expression that depends upon a postcedent expression. The anaphoric (referring) term is called an anaphor.

What does anaphora mean?

1 : repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect Lincoln’s “we cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground” is an example of anaphora — compare epistrophe.

What is a repeated phrase called?

Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of every clause. It comes from the Greek phrase “carrying up or back”.

What is reference in pragmatics?

In pragmatics, the act by which a speaker or writer uses language to enable a hearer or reader to identify something is called reference. … The referring expression actually provides a range of reference, that is, a number of possible referents.

What are examples of anaphora?

Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. For example, Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech contains anaphora: “So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.

What is pronominal anaphora?

Natural language, however, is not independent: many concepts depend on context. … In pronominal anaphora a pronoun word (anaphor) refers to a concept mentioned earlier in the text (antecedent). This type of reference can refer to something in the same sentence, but it can also span many sentences.

Why is anaphora used?

Anaphora is repetition at the beginning of a sentence to create emphasis. Anaphora serves the purpose of delivering an artistic effect to a passage. It is also used to appeal to the emotions of the audience in order to persuade, inspire, motivate and encourage them.